In order to capture progress against the Ngor vision and the Ngor commitments at country level a monitoring system has been established by AMCOW. The first monitoring round took place during July 2018 in order to produce a baseline report in advance of the AfricaSan5 conference. The draft Ngor monitoring baseline report for East Africa was shared at the meeting. Although made in advance of the SDGs, the vision of the Ngor declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene closely aligns to the SDG sanitation and hygiene targets. Therefore, for the purposes of the baseline monitoring report, SDG monitoring data is used to report vision level indicators. The findings indicate that progress is off-track in East Africa: • Less than 20% of region’s rural population, and only one third of the urban population have access to at least basic sanitation. • Open defecation is predominantly a rural issue in East Africa, one quarter of the rural population practice open defecation. This average figure masks several countries with considerably higher rates of OD (60-90%). • Hygiene practice is also low – only 12% rural and 28% urban households in the region have basic handwashing with soap facilities (of 8 countries in East Africa with handwashing data available).